A History of Exemption
In 1975, the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, supported by the AFL-CIO, petitioned the Federal Government urging an emergency temporary standard (ETS) be issued with respect to all professional diving operations. This temporary standard was issued on June 15, 1976, to be effective July 15, 1976. Several diving contractors challenged the EST in U. S. Court of Appeals and the ETS was withdrawn in November of 1976 and permanent standard was formulated. The permanent standard for Commercial Diving became effective October 20, 1977.
The Academy submitted arguments to OSHA for an ANPR on October 15, 1979 citing self regulation and consensual standards for over 20 years, and an accident incidence rate lower than the Commercial Diving Industry. After extensive negotiation and Congressional Hearings, a final ruling was issued, effective November 28, 1982, granting a scientific exemption.
One of the primary contribution's of the AAUS to the Scientific Diving Community is the promulgation of The AAUS Standards for Scientific Diving Certification and Operation of Scientific Diving Programs. A consensual guideline for scientific diving programs, this document is currently the "Standard" of the scientific diving community. Followed by all AAUS Organizational members, these standards allow for reciprocity between institutions, and are widely used throughout the United States and in many foreign countries. Peer reviewed within the AAUS on a regular basis, they represent the consensus of the scientific diving community and state-of-the-art technologies. To date, over 6,000 copies of this document have been provided to the scientific diving community.